At Numbers and Beyond we appreciate that accounting jargon can be off-putting for our clients. So we keep it to a minimum and, when we do need to use it, we explain its meaning. Here are a few accounting terms that you may find useful:

Balance sheet

– A financial report showing what the business is worth at one point in time. A standard company balance sheet has three parts, assets, liabilities and ownership equity or capital.


– A process for recording, storing and retrieving financial transactions for your business.

Cash flow statement

– A financial report that provides an overview of the cash inflows and outflows of the business during a certain period of time.


– A set of quantifiable measures used to evaluate factors that are crucial to the success of an organization.

Management accounts

– Timely financial and statistical information provided to business managers so that they can make day-to-day and short-term managerial decisions.

Pension auto-enrolment

– A legal requirement for all employers to automatically enrol certain staff into a pension scheme and make contributions.

Profit and loss account

– A financial report showing your business’s trading during a given period of time. It shows your business’s income from sales, bank interest, and other income less its expenses.

Real time information (RTI)

– A reporting procedure requiring employers to submit payroll tax information to HMRC each time they pay their employees, rather than just once a year.